# Code Examples

## Table of Contents

This section contains code examples for using Spot. This is a work in progress. Feel free to send suggestions of small tasks you would like to see illustrated here.

If you have difficulties compiling the C++ examples, check out these instructions.

Reading the concepts page might help if you are not familiar with some of the objects or concepts used here.

## Examples with Shell, Python, and C++

All the following pages show how to perform the same task using the three interfaces supported by Spot: shell commands, Python, or C++.

- Parsing and Printing LTL Formulas
- Relabeling Formulas
- Testing the equivalence of two LTL formulas
- Translating an LTL formula into a never claim
- Translating an LTL formula into a monitor
- Working with LTL formulas with finite semantics
- Converting a never claim into HOA
- Converting Rabin (or Other) to Büchi, and simplifying it
- Removing alternation

## Examples in Python and C++

- Constructing and transforming formulas
- Custom print of an automaton
- Creating an automaton by adding states and transitions
- Creating an alternating automaton by adding states and transitions
- Iterating over alternating automata
- Solving a safety game to decide direct simulation
- Creating an explicit Kripke structure
- Using the
`bdd_dict`

to associate atomic proposition to BDD variables, or allocate anonymous BDD variables (advanced)

## Examples in C++ only

## Examples in Python only

In directory `python/tests`

, the Spot tarball contains a small
collection of IPython notebooks. As the name of the directory implies,
these are part of the test suite for the Python bindings, however they
can be interesting to look at if you want to see more code examples.

For convenience, the following links offer static HTML renderings of these notebooks, but we strongly suggest interactively evaluating the real notebooks instead.

`formulas.ipynb`

covers the basics of LTL/PSL formula parsing and printing, with some light operations`automata.ipynb`

covers translation from formulas to automata, automata printing, and some lights transformations`automata-io.ipynb`

shows how to save and read automata from files`randaut.ipynb`

shows a simple case where the`randaut`

commands generated random automata, which are displayed in a table before and after acceptance simplification`accparse.ipynb`

exercises the acceptance condition parser`acc_cond.ipynb`

documents the interface for manipulating acceptance conditions`contains.ipynb`

demonstrates containment checks between formulas or automata`parity.ipynb`

documents algorithms for manipulating parity automata in Python`games.ipynb`

illustrates support for games`synthesis.ipynb`

illustrates support for game-based LTL reactive synthesis`product.ipynb`

shows how to re-implement the product of two automata in Python`randltl.ipynb`

demonstrates a Python-version of`randltl`

`gen.ipynb`

show how to generate families of LTL formulas (as done in`genltl`

) or automata (`genaut`

)`decompose.ipynb`

illustrates the`decompose_strength()`

,`decompose_acc_scc()`

and`decompose_scc()`

functions`testingaut.ipynb`

shows the steps necessary to build a testing automaton`ltsmin-dve.ipynb`

loading a DiVinE model using the LTSmin interface.`ltsmin-pml.ipynb`

loading a Promela model using the LTSmin interface.`word.ipynb`

example for the`twa_run`

and`twa_word`

classes.`highlighting.ipynb`

shows how to highlight states or edges in automata.`atva16-fig2a.ipynb`

first example from our ATVA'16 tool paper.`atva16-fig2b.ipynb`

second example from our ATVA'16 tool paper.`cav22-figs.ipynb`

figures from our CAV'22 tool paper.`alternation.ipynb`

examples of alternating automata.`stutter-inv.ipynb`

working with stutter-invariant formulas properties.`satmin.ipynb`

Python interface for SAT-based minimization of deterministic ω-automata.`twagraph-internals.ipynb`

Inner workings of the`twa_graph`

class.`aliases.ipynb`

Support for HOA aliases.`zlktree.ipynb`

demonstration of Zielonka Trees and ACD